Susan Solomon (Atmospheric Scientist/Led The National Ozone Expedition to Antarctica)

susan-solomon.jpgSusan Solomon (born 1956 in Chicago) is an atmospheric chemist working for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Solomon was one of the first to propose chlorofluorocarbons as the cause of the Antarctic ozone hole.

Solomon is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the European Academy of Sciences, and the Academy of Sciences of France.

Solomon began her interest in science as a child watching The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau.  In high school she placed third in a national science fair, with a project that measured the percent of oxygen in a gas mixture.

Solomon studied Chemistry at the Illinois Institute of Technology, receiving her B.S. in 1977.[4] She received her Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley in 1981, where she specialized in atmospheric chemistry.

Solomon is the head of the Chemistry and Climate Processes Group of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Chemical Sciences Division.

Solomon was chosen to lead the National Ozone Expedition to McMurdo Sound in Antarctica to investigate the hole in the ozone layer in 1986 and another in 1987. Her team discovered higher levels of chlorine oxide than expected in the atmosphere, which had been released by the chlorofluorocarbons.

Solomon also showed that volcanoes could accelerate the reactions caused by chlorofluorocarbons, and so increase the damage to the ozone layer. Her work formed the basis of the U.N. Montreal Protocol, an international agreement to protect the ozone layer by regulating damaging chemicals.

Related Links:
Susan Solomon on Wikipedia
Susan Solomon on CIRES