Sarah Parcak (Space Archaeologist)
Sarah Parcak is an American archaeologist and Egyptologist, who uses satellite imaging to identify archaeological sites in Egypt.
Parcak is also a TED Fellow.
From 2003 to 2004, Parcak used a combination of satellite imaging analysis and surface surveys in the detection of 132 new archaeological sites, some dating back to 3,000 B.C.
In her latest work, Parcak tested several different types of satellite imagery to determine and isolate water sources within the arid region of the Sinai, East Delta and Middle Egypt, potentially determining probable archaeological sites
This new process greatly decreases the time and cost for determining archaeological sites compared to the older method of local surface detection.
In May 2011, Parcak's UAB team announced the discovery of 17 lost pyramids and more than 1,000 tombs and 3,000 ancient settlements outside San El Hagar, Egypt through the study of infrared satellite images which can reveal underground buildings. These satellites, orbiting 435 miles above the Earth, are able to pinpoint objects less than 3 feet in diameter.